The region of Languedoc-Roussillon encompasses the southern French départements of Aude, Gard, Hérault, Lozère and Pyrénées-Orientales. The region is roughly the same as the former province of Languedoc, plus the former province of Roussillon [which is now roughly the département of Pyrénées-Orientales]. Montpellier is the region’s capital. The region is bounded by the region of Auvergne, to the north, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, to the east, the Mediterran to the southeast, Spain to the south, and the region of Midi-Pyrénées to the west.
The Massif Central marks the northwestern borders of the départements of Gard, Hérault, and Aude. It also extends into the département of Lozère. The plain of Languedoc faces the Mediterranean. The plain of Roussillon is to the southwest. It is separated from the plain of Languedoc by the Corbières mountains. The Pyrénées mountains are to the south. A Mediterranean climate prevails along the coast and a mountain climate is found in Lozère and the Pyrénées.